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||Indicates this is an etched brass kit, which may contain
additional white metal parts. Generally these kits will require a mix
of assembly techniques using soldering and adhesives.
||Indicates this is a resin kit, which will contain additional
white metal and possibily etched brass parts. Generally these kits will
require a mix of assembly techniques using adhesives and solder.
||Indicates this is a white metal kit or component, which
will require soldering or adhesives for assembly.
||Indicates this item was recently introduced, or added
||Indicates this item is suitable for N Gauge (2mm:1ft -
||Indicates this item is suitable for all 4mm:1ft
(1:76) gauges (including OO, EM,P4, S4 /18.83mm)).
||Indicates this item is suitable for S Scale (3/16":1
||Indicates this item is suitable for O gauge (7mm:1ft -
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A special three link coupling where the centre link can be placed in two
positions to change the effective length of the coupling. Common on the Great
Western and modern image air brake freight stock.
The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway based at Hunts Bank Manchester with
engineering facilities at Horwich and Newton Heath. Amalgamated with the LNWR
in 1922. CMEs included J A F Aspinall, G Hughes and Barton Wright. Heavy weight
of the British Victorian and Edwardian railway scene.
London Midland and Scottish Railway, formed in 1923, from the LNW, Midland,
Caledonian, Furness, Glasgow & South Western, North Staffordshire and
London and North Eastern Railway - formed in 1923 from the North Eastern,
North British, Great North of Scotland, Great Eastern Railways and others.
London and North Western Railway amalgamated with the Lancashire and Yorkshire
Railway in 1922 to form a group of the same name. In 1923 at Grouping. Became
part of the LMS.
Low machine wagon.
Train which does not have an automatic brake and is dependent solely on
the locomotive brake and strength of the guard in the brake van to stop the
train. Freight trains without an automatic brake continued to run on BR until
Mineral traffic includes coal, coke, limestone, and similar bulky traffics.
Coal has historically outweighed other minerals in tonnage carried and mineral
traffic has tended to be thought of as coal traffic. Mineral traffic was the
preserve of the Private Owner wagon.
A type of brake which can be activated from both sides of the wagon, there
are two main types:-
Cam: using a clutch.
Duplex: where the levers pointing to the same end as used on the North Eastern
Railway for example.
'Midland Scotch Joint Stock'. The stock allocated for anglo Scottish services
operated jointly by the Midland, Glasgow & South Western and North British
Railways. Set up in 1879 and operated until 1899 when separate M & GSW
(Midland and Glasgow & South Western), and M & NB (Midland and North
British) joints stock was formed.
The North British Railway. Engineering works was at Cowlairs. Became part
of the LNER at Grouping.
The North Eastern Railway, based in York. Became part of the LNER at grouping.
Silver-white metallic element, chemical symbol Ni.
Copper alloy, nominal composition 18-25% Zn, 8-12% Ni remainder copper.
Steel alloy containing nickel as a principal alloying element.
The North Staffordshire Railway based at Stoke, became part of the LMS at
One without a roof(!), where the load had to be protected from the elements,
if required, by a tarpaulin. Such wagons came in a range of heights from 1
to 8 planks but are more correctly called low, medium or high sided wagons.
Every company had it's own ideas of what was a low, medium or high sided goods
wagon. Until recent years such wagons were the mainstay of the British scene
comprising a far higher proportion of the wagon fleet than covered goods vans
for example. This is no longer so as the specialised proportion of the fleet
A trade name, for a range of thin polystyrene sheet, which is ideally suited
for modelling. Plasticard is manufactured by Slaters Ltd and supplied is in
a range of thickness ( 0.005" to 0.060"). Similar products are available from
In the United Kingdom this is the period up to the 'Grouping' of the railway
companies in 1923 to form 'the Big Four' the GWR, LNER, LMS and Great Western
A wagon or ( more rarely) a van not owned by the railway company. There
were also a limited number of private owner brake vans but these tended to
stay in their owner's industrial sites. Typical examples were the colliery
mineral wagons prior to nationalisation in 1948. In more recent years private
owner wagons have made a come back and numerous examples now run on Network
The Railway Clearing House. The organisation used to arrange payment between
companies, and to handle common interests.
Two part Eepoxy resin used for large components such as carriage roofs,
boilors and wagon bodies where the use of white metal would be too heavy.
"Ready to Run" completed models, usually injection moulded plastic
which are ready to run straight out of the box. These are often a good source
of modern image rolling stock, as well as an economical source of common rolling
stock. Require weathering powders and in
many instances modifcations.
Modelling to a scale of 3/16":1 foot. This scale is supported by the
S Scale Model Railway Society.
Scalefour Society The:
The Society which promotes modelling to 4mm standards..
Often used by scratch builders, is available from a wide range of engineering
suppliers in various thicknesses. Often purchased as shim brass by the roll.
The sides of a wagon formed from either timber or metal.
a longitudinal strip running above the solebar which supports the sheeting
Outside, longitudinal frame members. Usually these would be visible and
have the makers or owners plates attached.
A material used to join two pieces of metal which has a lower melting point
that either of the two parent materials. Comes in a wide range of materials
but commonly a tin/lead alloy. There are three basic grades of solder used
by modellers these are, 188, 144 and low melt solder.
The addition of a carriage to a train, usually on an ad-hoc basis,
for a specific service!
An alloy of iron and carbon often with other elements as well. Difficult
to solder without correct flux.
The generic name, and also a trade name, for isocyanate glues which cure
very rapidly, in some cases in less than 1 minute.
Should be stored in a refrigerator firmly closed to prolong life. Frequently
used to assemble resin based kits.
Where the sides and sometimes the ends curve inwards from the waist
to the floor.
A wagon with hand brakes only, that is no automatic vacuum or air brake.
When used in the context of 4mm OO, refers to the wheel profile. Universal
wheels are suitable for Peco code 100 rail and SMP track and other proprietary
A means or selectively 'dirtying' the model to make it seem as if the model
has seen years of active service!
A tin alloy containing varying amounts of lead, copper, antimony and other
elements which have a 'low melting' temperature, ideal for low volume fine
detail casting. Historically used for bearings and domestic items. White metal
has an additional advantage in that 4mm vehicles do not usually require extra
mass. It is not appropriate for large vehicles where mass exceeds 2 ounces
(50grams). Often etched brass kits will incorporate some white metal parts
where the fine detail in 3 dimensions is needed. Typical examples might include
carriage gas and oil lamps for example. As white metal contains lead care
should be taken to avoid ingesting as lead could in extreme cases cause problems
for humans It will be appreciated that white metal is not a suitable material
for the manufacture of children's toys.
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